In Part I of Simultaneous Conversations in Education, we offered a brief review of a conversation about what the completion agenda means, the concerns it raises, and how we can make it work for the students we serve. It brought up many questions, none of them easy to answer.
In Part II, we examine a second article, titled Defending Liberal Education: The Essential Questions. Terry O’Banion, President Emeritus for the League for Innovation in The Community College, asks some provocative questions about how we frame the value of liberal arts education. Reminding us that General Education requirements are designed to ensure at least a minimum liberal arts learning experience, he suggests that the issue of “remapping” educational pathways uses language that can often obscure our well-meaning intentions of what Liberal Education can offer. This is especially true if we are to communicate the value of the liberal arts to other stakeholders such as leaders from business and industry, or parents, legislators, students, or even vocational faculty.
O’Banion challenges us to reimagine liberal education in what he called “a series of Essential Questions” which help guide human beings through life experiences. He recognizes that this can be controversial but that it reflects “that which matters the most to us and is stated in a powerful form that makes us begin thinking immediately about our own personal answers.”
“The final product of training…’must be neither a psychologist nor a brick mason, but a man.'”
– W.E.B. DuBois
The questions he addresses come under five major categories and are not meant to offer answers, but provoke further discussion on the meaning of liberal education. The categories, along with a sampling of the questions are shared below.
- Personal Development
Who am I? Where am I going? What difference does it make?
- Economic Development
What are the basic talents and skills I have that can translate into a good career?
What are the rewards for working that are important to me?
What is my dream job? …what kind of educational experiences will it take to get me there?
When I die what do I want my family and friends and coworkers to say about the work I have done?
- Civic Development
How much do I understand and appreciate being a citizen of a major democracy?
Through what means can I make a difference so that I leave my country better than I found it?
- Cultural Development
What are my most creative urges and talents that could produce something worth sharing with others? To what extent have I been exercising those urges and talents?
How do I, or can I use art, music, dance, theatre, poetry, etc. to enrich my life? Which of these do I like most and why?
What do human beings around the world old most in common?
- Social Development
What is my responsibility for my fellow human beings?
What contributions am I making or planning to make to improve my family, friends, school, workplace, etc.?
O’Banion acknowledges that these and other questions posed in the article may not be met with open arms by business and government leaders and that some may question whether these are the responsibility of education at all. That is the challenge he poses to educators, to find ways to reframe the discussion on liberal and general education, making the case for its relevance and importance to educating the next generation of students. He suggests that questions like these might serve as “milestones and indicators of progress along the Student Success Pathway.”
In starting the conversation with these “essential questions,” O’Banion also invites your participation by asking you to send your suggestions for improvement to the categories and questions he shares in the article to: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Read the full article here.